While Facebook and Google have been busy organising payment deals with news media companies, the amount of money so far allocated "seems like a drop in the ocean" for the social media giant.
That's the view of Merja Myllylahti, senior lecturer and co-director of the Journalism, Media, and Democracy Research Centre at Auckland University of Technology.
"Recently, Facebook confirmed that it was allocating US$8 million to journalism in Canada to explore 'commercial deals with publishers'," she says, adding that Facebook's 2020 total revenue was US$86 billion, most of which came from advertising. The company made a net profit of US$29 billion.
"In the same year, revenue for the global newspaper industry was US$93 billion. So, the social media giant earned almost as much as the global newspaper industry as a whole," she says.
In the financial year 2020, Google made US$183 billion in revenue and US$40 billion in profit. Compare this with News Corp, one of the largest publishers in the world, which made payment deals with Google and Facebook. In 2020, News Corp's revenue was just over US$9 billion.
In an INMA post, Myllylahti says Google has pledged US$1 billion globally to news publishers over three years. "Andrew Hughes, secretary general of the Press Database and Licensing Network, says this would mean the annual allocation of US$333 million shared between 100,000 newspapers would give each publisher US$3,333 per year.
"However, we already know that the bulk of that money goes to large news publishers," she says.
Hughes argues that Google and Facebook should pay news publishers more than they currently promise - at least US$2 billion between them. He says that under the current deals, the 'money is divided unequally and arbitrarily', and that the 'deal is constructed to tuck in search rights under the cover and can be cancelled if the publisher lobbies against Google'.
Nevertheless, some news publishers report they are reaping some benefits of Facebook News. According to Digiday, some publishers have seen an increase in their referral traffic. One publisher stated its referral traffic in 2021 was 30 per cent higher than on Election Day. The Digiday article notes "the pace of the growth, especially after a topsy turvy 2020, signals to some that Facebook News might, at the very least, not be a dud."
Facebook representatives argue that it drives substantial traffic for news publishers. Facebook's vice president of global affairs, Nick Clegg, says that in 2020, "Facebook generated approximately 5.1 billion free referrals to Australian publishers worth an estimated AU$407 million to the news industry." Whether that figure is accurate or not is difficult to know because the mathematics of it is not disclosed.
"While the payments between platforms and news publishers are negotiated and renegotiated, it is useful to keep this in mind: Digital advertising is expected to grow after lockdowns are lifted, but platforms are big beneficiaries of it because advertisers 'see these platforms as routes to sharper customer segment tool and targeting'," she says.
"And where the money is going? Apparently to video and social as younger generations are looking for snackable content on their mobiles."